A terrible diagnosis for many women is “infertility”. Infertility in a woman who is sexually active on a regular basis is the absence of pregnancy for more than two years. Treatment of this terrible diagnosis begins with determining its causes. Most often, infertility is caused by changes in the female genital organs, tumors of the ovaries and uterus, trauma and abortions.
For infertility treatment various methods and preparations are used. In mild cases, sanatorium treatment is sufficient, which completely restores reproductive functions.
In cases of tubal infertility, the patency of the fallopian tubes is restored with the help of laparoscopy. The effectiveness of this procedure ranges from 30-40%. In advanced cases of obstruction of the fallopian tubes or after laparoscopy, surgical treatment is not used, preferring the in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure.
In cases of endocrine infertility, hormonal disorders are corrected and the ovaries are stimulated to maintain an adequate hormonal level in the woman's body and achieve egg maturation. During treatment, continuous ultrasound monitoring and control of blood hormones are carried out. This method of treatment for endocrine infertility is 70-80% effective.
Infertility can also be caused by pathologies of the uterus – malformations of its development. In this case, reconstructive plastic surgery is performed. The effectiveness of such treatment is 15-20%, but even in the case of severe malformations or the absence of a uterus, you can get your genetic baby using the services of a surrogate mother.
In case of infertility due to endometriosis, laparoscopy is also used to remove painful foci. After the operation, the effect is fixed with the help of drug treatment, lasting up to 6 months. Such treatment is effective by 30-40%
In cases of male infertility with violations of the spermogram, they stimulate spermatogenesis or restore the patency of the sperm ducts. Also, in case of male infertility, artificial insemination is often used.
In cases of immunological infertility, they are treated with plasmapheresis or IVF.
The effectiveness of treatment for infertility directly depends on the age of the spouses, the duration and type of treatment.
As a result, we can conclude that male and female infertility can be effectively treated by artificial insemination and its variants, that is, methods of assisted reproductive technologies.